Apartheid was a system of racial segregation enforced during the time period of 1948 to 1994,
it was essentially racism as a government policy. When South Africa became a part of the British
Empire, black people outnumbered white people and as a result the government began to pass
laws to ensure that white people did not lose their economic and political control.
external image DurbanSign1989.jpg
People of a different skin color were consitered inferior to the white man, even in their own
country.
external image Soweto_Riots.jpg
The picture above was taken on June 16, 1976 at a student protest in Soweto. Between 15 000
and 20 000 black high school students demonstrated a demand for better education. In the 1970's
the government was spending 644 rands a year on each white student but only 42 rands for the
black students. The police at the protest opened fire and killed an estimated 168 students.


According to www.dictionary.com the term apartheid is any system or practice that separates people according to race, caste, etc. Apartheid can also be considered a form of systemic racism in many ways. Apartheid is a term that is most commonly used to describe the systemic segregation that occured in South Africa from the years 1948 to 1994. This policy was implemented by the government to deny rights to anyone who was not caucasian. Under this policy the government could even refuse to allow non-whites into certain areas because the non-whites were thought to be "unfit".
external image ApartheidMuseumEntrance_Web.jpg
The picture above is an image taken of the entrance to the Apartheid Museum in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Since 1994, when the non-white population of South Africa regained their rights, 90% of the country's poor population is made up by whites. The following is a quote from former South African President, Nelson Mandela, "We enter into a covenant that we shall build a society in which all South Africans, both black and white, will be able to walk tall, without and fear in their hearts, assured of their inalienable right to human dignity – a rainbow nation at peace with itself and the world."

Sources:
Griffiths, Tom & Carruthers, Vincent., "Rocking The Cradle.", http://recollections.nma.gov.au/ejournal_library/images/vol_2_no_1/apartheid_museum_entrance/files/17529/ApartheidMuseumEntrance_Web.jpg, June 15, 2008.
"Apartheid.", http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apartheid, June 15, 2008.

Boddy-Evans, Alistair., "Quotes: Nelson Mandela.",http://africanhistory.about.com/od/mandelanelson/p/qts_mandela1.htm, June 15, 2008.

Created by, dawson-rundle.